CCTV-News / CNTV
sovereignty over Huangyan Island
April 20, 2012
History proves China's sovereignty over Huangyan Island
04-20-2012 13:37 BJT
The maritime stand-off between China and the Philippines near China’s Huangyan Island in the South China Sea has drawn wide attention. The Chinese government claims Huangyan Island and its surrounding waters have been traditional fishing areas for Chinese fishermen since ancient times. Now experts are putting forward historical evidence to back up these claims.
Back in 1279, the Chinese astronomer Guo Shoujing conducted a latitude survey of the South China Sea. He established 27 observatory stations and Huangyan Island was home to one of them.
In fact, China first found and named the Huangyan Island 2000 years ago, during China’s Qin and Han period.
Li Guoqiang, deputy director of Center for China’s Borderland History and Geography, CASS, said, "Historians say that Zheng He’s navigation map pointed out the location of Huangyan. A more recent map was drawn up by China’s Interior Ministry back in 1947, which means China had already started to manage the island at that time. The maps also prove that it was China who found and named the island."
Last week, China’s embassy in the Philippines published an article to detail China’s claims to sovereignty over Huangyan. The article points to a series of international treaties clarifying Philippine territorial limits, none of which include Huangyan Island.
On Tuesday, Philippine Foreign Minister Benigno Aquino III presented the Huangyan dispute to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea for arbitration.
Liu Qing, director of China Institute of International Studies, said, "International Maritime Law indeed stipulates that each country has a 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone. But history proves that China claimed its sovereignty over Huangyan a long time ago. The Philippines can’t simply change this fact because the island is in its exclusive economic zone."
Huangyan Island is also not included in the Philippines’ Constitution and Territorial Baseline Law issued in 1930 and 1960. It doesn’t appear in the country’s official documentaries and published maps either.
China condemns recent Philippine actions over the island as illegal, but says it respects its friendship with the Philippines and hopes this standoff can be resolved through negotiations according to international law.
Philippine archaeological ship leaves Huangyan Island 2012-04-20
China urges Philippines again to withdraw all vessels from Huangyan Island 2012-04-18
Tensions rise over Huangyan island 2012-04-18
CCTV-News / CNTV
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