CCTV-News / CNTV
working-age population drops... 中国百科
January 21, 2013
China's working-age population drops in 2012
01-21-2013 09:04 BJT
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the number of working-age people in China decreased for the first time in 2012.
Falling for the first time - Data shows that in China, the number of working-age people, those aged 15 to 59, decreased by 3.45 million to 937.27 million in 2012 from a year ago.
Ma Jiantang, director of National Bureau of Statistics, said, "It’s the first time the country has recorded an absolute drop in the working-age population in a considerable time. We need to pay serious attention to this."
Ma said the working-age population accounted for 69.2 percent of the country’s total population in 2012, down 0.6 percentage points from 2011.
He also said China’s working-age population will decrease steadily and gradually over a long period or at least until 2030.
Figures released also show that the country’s urbanization rate continues to rise.
Ma suggested that China needs an appropriate and scientific population policy in line with demographic changes, as there have been shifts in the country’s demographics and labor supply patterns after decades of family planning policies.
However, he went on to say that the current family planning policy should still be adhered to, noting that it has played a crucial role in helping reduce the birth rate and facilitating the country’s sustainable, healthy development.
While addressing the decline as a challenge, Ma pointed out that China still has more than 900 million people of working age, which is one of the nation’s major economic advantages.
He emphasized that, faced with the challenge, China should work to boost labor productivity, as well as improve people’s education and adjust the types of employment, to extend the demographic dividend.
CCTV-News / CNTV
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