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Marie Curie


Madame Curie established many firsts as a woman of science. She was the first woman to attend the Royal Institution in London, the first to hold a professorship at the Sorbonne
(巴黎大学), and the first woman to be a member of The French Academy. If this was not enough, she was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and then the first person to win it twice. With her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel, she received her first Nobel in Physics for studies of radioactivity(放射性). Her patient experiments had been inspired by a previous discovery of radioactive X-Rays. She discovered that such radioactivity could be found in polonium(钋)and radium(镭), elements(元素)that would form the basis for nuclear energy. In isolating(分离)those elements, she earned her 2nd Nobel in Chemistry.

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