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Passage 12                                                                                                 看点评

    The old idea that child prodigies ( 神童 ) "burn themselves" or "overtax their brains" in the early years, therefore, are prey to failure and ( at worst ) mental illness is just a myth.  As a matter of fact, the outstanding thing that happens to bright children is that they are very likely to grow into bright adults.
    
    To find this out, 1,500 gifted persons were followed up to their thirty-fifty year with these results:
    
    On adult intelligence tests, they scored as high as they did as children.  They were, as a group, in good health, physically and mentally.  Eighty-four percent of their group were married and seemed content with their life.
    
    About 70percent had graduated from colleges, though only 30 percent had graduated with honors.  A few had even flunked out (
退学 ), but nearly half of these had returned to graduate.
    
    Of the men, 80 percent were in one of the professions or in business, managers or semi-professional jobs.  The women who had remained single had offices, business, or professional occupations.
    
   The group had published 90 books and 1,500 articles in scientific, scholarly, and literary magazines and had collected more than 100 patents (
专利  ).
    
    In a material way they didn't do badly either .  Average income was considerably higher among the gifted people, especially the men, than for the country as a whole, despite their comparative youth when last surveyed.
    
    In fact, far from being strange, maladjusted (
难以适应 ) people locked in an ivory tower, most of the gifted were turning their early promises into practical reality. 

1. The main idea of the passage is __________.
A. how many gifted children turned successful when they grew up.
B. that bright children were unlikely to be physically and mentally healthy.
C. that gifted children were most likely to become bright grown-ups.
D. that when the bright children grew up, they would become ordinary.

2. From the passage, we can conclude that __________.
A. most of the gifted children became white collars.
B. half of the gifted followed up graduated from colleges.
C. each of the talented published at least one article.
D. bright men got higher income than bright women.

3. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?
A. The gifted could not be fit for their social positions.
B. Most of the bright and successful women kept single.
C. The gifted men got full marks in intelligence tests.
D. Most of the gifted appeared satisfied with their life.

4. The explanation of the underlined "turning their early promises into practical reality" is __________.
A. earning their living and keeping promises.
B. doing practical jobs and facing reality.
C. doing what they have promised.
D. realizing what they were expected.

    Score =  

Correct answers:


点评

    本篇题1是考查对文章的中心主旨的理解,而由于生词和不熟悉的表达法,匆匆一读是很难把握中心意思的。
   
    其实作者在文章的开头已表明了自己的观点和看法。他说:神童过早消耗精力
burn themselves,大脑负担过重overtax their brains,深受失败和精神疾病之苦 therefore, are prey to failure and mental illness,是以往的一种看法。作者认为这种看法是虚构和荒诞的The old idea is just a myth。作者进一步说:这些神童很有可能成长为智慧过人,前途光明的成年人。
   
    进而,作者以一项跟踪调查的结果为依据,说明这1500个神童成人后的健康情况和对生活的满意度,他们后来受教育的程度,他们从事的工作性质,他们的学术成就,他们的物质生活和收入水平都等同于或高于常人。
   
    最后的结论是:这些神童成人后根本不是那种关在象牙塔里的不合群的怪人
far from being strange, maladjusted people locked in an ivory tower,他们的大多数人正在实现自己早年的梦想。
   
    这样一来,本文的中心主旨就清楚了,题1的答案是
C (that gifted children were most likely to become bright grown-ups)

本篇选自2002年海淀区高三英语期末试卷(2002/01)

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