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Paragraph 1

       One of the most important weapons used during the Second World War was not a weapon used against people, but rather a drug used against disease. The wartime use of penicillin saved thousands of lives. In the First World War, for example, pneumonia was responsible for eighteen percent of all the deaths in the United States army. In the Second World War, the rate went down to less than one percent. In addition, penicillin was instrumental in keeping wounds from getting infected and in helping to speed the healing process of those wounds that did become infected. 

1. which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. A Dangerous Weapon
B. Guns in the Second World War
C. A Terrible Pneumonia
D. An Important Drug

Paragraph 2

      Mr. Brown, a shopkeeper, was going to count the day' s cash takings. There was more than £300 in notes. He was about to put them in a bag. He heard a sound.
      A door at the back of the room was opening. A voice shouted "Don't shout. Don't look round. I have a gun." Mr. Brown stood still. The voice went on, "Drop that bag and the notes. Go and stand in the corner beside the safe. Keep quite still. Remember, I have a gun."
      Mr. Brown was frightened. He obeyed all the robber' s orders. The robber picked up the notes and was about to go out by the door at the back of the room.
      It was a quarter past six. John Taylor arrived outside that very same back door. He raised his hand and was about to knock. At that very moment the robber opened the door. He was frightened to see John there. He lost his head. He became panic-stricken. He tried to push his way past John. But John was suspicious. He blocked the robber' s way. There was a fight.
      Mr. Brown heard the fight. He forgot his fear, turned round and rushed from his corner. He threw both his arms round the robber. This pinned the robber' s arms to his sides so he could not use his gun. At the same moment John struck the robber hard in the stomach and knocked all the breath out of his body. The robber fell to the ground in a pile. He still held the notes but his gun fell on the floor and John quickly picked it up. All was now over. Soon the police arrived.

2. The main idea of this passage is _________.
A. a robber robbed a shop
B. Mr. Brown and Mr. Taylor fought against a robber
C. None but the brave can win victory
D. John Taylor was a brave man

Paragraph 3

      Sometimes people call each other "scared-cat", but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its bloodstream. Although the cat doesn't realize this, its body is getting ready for action. If the danger continues, the animal will do one of two things. It will defend  itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 
      Something like this also happens to people. When we are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions (feelings), our bodies go through many physical changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves or run.
      Human beings, however, have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our feelings and let them take over, we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger—or hit somebody—and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told somebody you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then wished later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn't always wise to express your feelings freely.
      Does this mean that it's smarter always to hide our feelings?  No! If you keep feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays tense. Physical illness can develop, and you can feel churned up inside. It can actually be bad for your health. (It isn't good to keep pleasant feelings inside either; all feelings need to be expressed.)
      Feeling that you keep all bottled up inside, don't just go away. It's as if bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but before long you'd smell them, if you opened the cupboard, chances are you'd see little fruit flies hovering all over them. They'd be rotten. 
      You can try to treat emotions as if they were bananas in the cupboard. You can hide them and you can pretend they don't exist, but they'll still be around. And at last you'll have to deal with them, just like those bananas. 

3. The best title for this article is __________.
A. Emotions Affect Our Bodies
B. What Happens to A Frightened Cat
C. What Happens to An Excited Person
D. Feelings That People Have

4. The author wrote this article in order to __________.
A. tell us that it isn't good to keep feelings inside
B. give us some advice on how to express our feelings
C. make us face the problem that we have to deal with feelings
D. make us know that it isn't always wise to express our feelings freely

Paragraph 4

      It is possible to do many simple tricks with numbers. Here is one trick. It has several separate steps.
      First, write down your house number. For example, if your address is 73 Lemon Street, you would write down 73. After you write down your house address, next double it. Then add five to this doubled number. For example, if your address was 73 and you doubled it, you would get 146. Then, if you added five, you'd get 151.       Then multiply this number by 50. In our example here, you'll get 7550. The next step is to add your age to this total. For example, if you're 26 years old, you should add 26 to this total. In our example here, the result would be 7576. After that you have to add the number of days in a year, which is 365. In our example here, 365 added to 7576 is 7941.
      The final step is this: Subtract 615 from the number that you have. Take away 615 from the total, In our example, 7941 minus 615 is 7326.
      The result here - 7326 - is the trick. The first part of the number is the address and the last part of the number is the age of the person. That is, 73 is the address that we started with, and 26 is the age that we used.

5. The best title of the passage is __________.
A. The number tricks
B. A trick with numbers
C. An interesting problem
D. How to work out a difficult trick

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