FancyEnglish       英语阅读教程    Reading Training Course         Main Idea 


Passage 1

      An Australian wildlife park attendant survived a crocodile attack after her father jumped on the huge crocodile's back and dugout its eyes as the horrified tourists looked on.
      Karla Bredl, 21, was in a fairly good condition in good care in hospital with a broken bone, a broken leg and some injuries after the attack.
      The 4.5 - metre crocodile caught Karla Bredl around the leg and then the waist when she fell during a crocodile feeding show for tourists.
      Karla's father seized a long-handled tool and beat the crocodile about the head to force it to let go of her, but the tool was doing nothing. So he jumped on its back and stuck his fingers in its eyes and the crocodile let go of her.

1. The best title of the passage is _________.
A. The Hateful Crocodile
B. Father Saved Daughter's Life
C. A Terrible Accident
D. The Dangerous Place

Passage 2

      Trees should only be pruned (剪除) when there is a good and clear reason for doing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage result from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way.
      First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side
branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cut out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus causing wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing branches that are blocking up the centre and so preventing the free movement of air.
      One result of pruning is that an open wound is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry for disease, but it is a wound that will heal (
治愈) . Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, so that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce that risk of death as far as possible. It is essential (基本的) to make the area which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without interference from the leaves and it is, too, very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly.

2. What was the writer's purpose when writing this passage?
A. To give practical instructions for pruning a tree
B. To give a general description of pruning
C. To explain how trees develop diseases
D. To discuss different methods of pruning

Passage 3

      Like fine food, good writing is something we approach with pleasure and enjoy from the first taste to the last. And good writers, like good cooks, do not suddenly appear full-blown. Quite the contrary, just as the cook has to undergo an intensive training, mastering the skills of his trade, the writer must sit at his desk and devote long hours to achieving a style in his writing, whatever its purpose— schoolwork, matters of business, or purely social communication. You may be sure that the more painstaking the effort, the more effective the writing, and the more rewarding.
      There are still some remote places in the world where you might find a public scribe to do your business or social writing for you, for a fee. There are a few managers who are lucky enough to have the service of that rare kind of secretary who can take care of all sorts of letter writing with no more than a quick note form. But for most of us, if there is any writing to be done, we have to do it ourselves.
      We have to write school papers, business papers or home papers. We are constantly called on to put words to paper. It would be difficult to count the number of such words, messages, letters and reports put into the mails or delivered by hand, but the daily figure must be enormous. What is more, everyone who writes expects, or at least hopes, that this writing will be read. We want to arouse (
引起 ) and hold the interest of the readers. We want whatever we write to be read, from first word to last, not just thrown into some " letters-to-be-read" file (档案) or into a wastepaper basket. This is the reason we bend our efforts toward learning and practising the skills of  interesting, effective writing.

3. According to the author, if your letter is thrown into some "letters-to-be-read" file, __________.
A. it will receive immediate attention
B. it will be dealt with by the secretary
C. it is likely to be neglected (
忽略)
D. it is meant to be delivered

4. The purpose of the author in writing this passage is __________.
A. to explain and persuade
B. to comment and criticize
C. to interest and entertain (
娱乐)
D. to argue and demonstrate (
论证)

Passage 4

      Million of people pass through the gates of Disney's entertainment parks in California, Florida and Japan each year. What makes these places an almost universal attraction? What makes foreign kings and queens and other important people want to visit these Disney Parks? Well, one reason is the way they're treated once they get there. The people at Disney go out of their way to serve their "guests, as they prefer to call them, and to see that they enjoy themselves."
      All new employees, from vice presidents to part-time workers, begin their employment by attending Disney University and taking "Traditions I.' Here, they learn about the company's history, how it is managed and why it is successful. They are shown how each department relates to the whole. All employees are shown how their part is important in making the park a success.
      After passing "Traditions I,"  the employees go on to more specialized training for their specific (
具体的) jobs. No detail is missed. A simple job like taking tickets requires four eight-hour days of training. When one ticket taker was asked why it took so much training for such a simple, ordinary job, he replied, "What happens if someone wants to know where the restrooms are, when the parade starts or what bus to take back to the campgrounds?
... ... We need to know the answers or where to get them quickly. Our constant aim is to help our guests enjoy the party. "
      Even Disney's managers get involved in the daily management of the park. Every year, the managers leave their desks and business suits and put on special service clothes. For a full week, the bosses sell hot dogs or ice cream, take tickets or drive the monorail (
单轨车) and take up any of the 100 jobs that make the entertainment park come alive. The managers agree that this week helps them to see the company's goals more clearly.
      All these efforts to serve the public well have made Walt Disney Productions famous. Disney is considered by many as the best mass service provider in America or the world. As one long-time business observer once said, "How Disney treats people, communicates with them, rewards them, is in my view the very reason for his fifty years of success ......  I have watched, very carefully and with great respect and admiration, the theory and practice of selling satisfaction and serving millions of people on a daily basis, successfully .It is what
Disney does best."

5. This passage is mainly about __________.
A. how Disney employees are trained
B. the history and traditions of the Disney enterprises
C. why Disney enterprises make a lot of money
D. the importance Disney places on serving people well


  Score =    

Correct answers:
                                
Main Idea

 高中英语多媒体教室   编译制作范文林  版权归作者所有  未经授权 请勿转载 
Copyright © www.fancyenglish.com   All Rights Reserved.