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NMET 2001  C                                                                                

     Many cities around the world today are heavily polluted. Careless methods of production and lack of consumer demand for environment (环境) friendly products have contributed to the pollution problem. One result is that millions of tons of glass, paper, plastic, and metal containers are produced, and these are difficult to get rid of.

     However, today, more and more consumers are choosing "green" and demanding that the products they buy should be safe for the environment. Before they buy a product, they ask questions like these: "Will this shampoo damage the environment?" "Can this metal container be reused or can it only be used once?"

     A recent study showed that two out of five adults now consider the environmental safety of a product before they buy it. This means that companies must now change the way they make and sell their products to make sure that they are "green," that is, friendly to the environment.

     Only a few years ago, it was impossible to find green products in supermarkets, but now there are hundreds. Some supermarket products carry labels (标签) to show that the product is green. Some companies have made the manufacturing (生产) of clean and safe products their main selling point and emphasize it in their advertising.

     The concern for a safer and cleaner environment is making companies rethink how they do business. No longer will the public accept the old attitude of "Buy it, use it, throw it away, and forget it."  The public pressure is on, and gradually business is cleaning up its act.

1. It becomes clear from the text that the driving force (动力) behind green products is __________.
A. public caring for the environment
B. companies' desire for bigger sales
C. new ways of doing business
D. rapid growth of supermarkets

2. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Business and People
B. Business Goes Green
C. Shopping Habits Are Changing
D. Supermarkets and Green Products

3. The underlined word "it" in the fourth paragraph refers to __________.
A. a selling point
B. the company name
C. a great demand for health foods
D. the manufacturing of green products

   Score =   

Correct answers:



    第二题(最佳题目)的A, D离题较远,应首先排除。
C, 涉及部分原因的内容(消费习惯的改变),但没包括有关结果的内容,应视为概括不全面。
B, 表达了这样的一个趋势:厂商的生产经营行为越来越符合环保要求。这个结果和趋势(以及产生原因),正是作者要阐述的主要内容。选项B较好地概括了全文。

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