believe my eyes! The car was upside down and the driver was
bleeding and screaming. One of the passengers was on the ground.
It looked as if she were dead. If I had known more about giving
first aid, I could have helped them." People who have witnessed
an accident often wish that they had done things differently.
Seconds count in an emergency, and knowing what to do can mean
the difference between life and death.
The most important thing to keep in mind when dealing with an
emergency is to stay calm. If we were to panic, we would not be
able to help. By staying calm we will be able to think what to
do and make better decisions. We can also prepare for an
emergency by learning more about first aid. Calling an ambulance
or the police is important, but there is more we can and should
do. If we know how to respond, we can save lives.
Many hospitals recommend that we use the letters DR ABC to
remember what to do when we have to think fast. D stands for
danger. We should first of all make sure that the accident scene
is no longer dangerous. If we were to get hurt trying to save
someone, we would not be able to help. R is for response. We can
do a lot of good by simply asking "Are you all right?" If
the person can answer, we know that he or she is conscious and
can breathe. The question will also calm the person, letting him
or her know that help is on the way.
A is for airway.
We must make sure that a person's airway is open and it is easy
to breathe. This can be done by gently tipping the person's head
back slightly. B is for breathing. We should check that the
person can breathe. Is his or her chest moving? If the person is
not breathing, we must try to start his or her breathing at
once, using the mouth-to-mouth method. If this is not done
within five minutes, the person will die. If a person is
breathing but not conscious, it is usually best for him or her
not to be moved. C is for circulation. Is the person's blood
circulating? We can look for colour, coughing, and eye movement.
We can also check a person's pulse by putting a finger on the
person's neck or wrist. If a person is bleeding, we should cover
the wound with a clean piece of cloth and press on the wound to
stop the bleeding.
When we have checked the DR ABC, we should give the first aid
that is needed and call an ambulance. We should never try to
revive a person unless we know how to do it. We may make things
worse. Many hospitals and schools offer training classes for
people who are interested in learning first aid.
When we have given first aid, we should put the person in the
recovery position. This is a way of placing a body so that the
airway is clear and it is easy to breathe. Here is how it is
1. Roll the person onto one side. Keep the legs straight.
2. Place the hand of the person's upper arm under his or her
3. Bend the person's leg so that he or she will not roll
over. We should stay with the person and wait for the ambulance.
We can cover the person with a blanket or a jacket to help him
or her stay warm.
This passage does not contain enough information for you to do
first aid correctly! You have to study with a teacher. However,
after a few hours of study you will manage to know enough to
save other people's lives.
(Senior English for China Student's Book 2A Unit
W1TH COMMON INJURIES
Accidents happen. We do
our best to be careful and prevent bad things from happening,
but most of us will eventually find ourselves in a situation
where we or someone else needs help. Everyone should know what
to do if an accident were to happen. Learning about first aid is
the best way to make sure that we will not have to feel that we
could have done more. Here is some advice for dealing with
Animal bites. If you are bitten by an animal, wash the wound
with cold running water. Then see a doctor as soon as possible.
Burns. Cool the area of skin at once. Wash the area of skin
under the cold tap for several minutes. Cover the wound with a
loose bandage or a piece of dry clean cloth. See a doctor if a
child has been burnt or if more than ten percent of the body has
Cuts. For a simple cut, it is only necessary to wash the area of
the cut, dry it and cover it with a piece of dry clean cloth. If
a person is bleeding badly, you must try to stop the bleeding.
If a person loses one third of his or her blood, he or she may
die. Press a handkerchief onto the bleeding point and hold it
Poisoning. If you think that someone may have been poisoned, you
should do the following. First, talk to the person to find out
if he or she is conscious and breathing. If the person isn't
breathing, clear the airway and try to get him or her to
breathe. If the person is conscious and breathing, try to get
him or her to spit out any poison that may still be in the
mouth. Next, call for an ambulance. Search the room for any
pills or bottles that may contain the poison. Send whatever you
find to the hospital to help the doctor find out what kind of
poison the person has swallowed.
(Senior English for China Student's Book 2A Unit
8 INTEGRATING SKILLS Reading)