基本句型 汉译英练习      双宾语结构     FancyEnglish
  

  说明:

此结构由主语+及物谓语动词+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(事物)组成。如,

He brings me cookies every day.

She made me a beautiful dress.

但若要先说出直接宾语(事物),后说间接宾语(人),则要借助于介词tofor,如,

He brings cookies to me every day.

She made a beautiful dress for me.

to侧重指动作的方向,表示朝着,向着,对着某人。

for 侧重指动作的受益者,表示为了某人,替某人。

 

常跟双宾语的动词有:

(需借助to的)bring, give, lend, hand, offer, pass, pay, promise, 

return, send, show, teach, tell, write, ask,等。

(需借助for 的) buy, call, cook, choose, draw, find, get, make, order, 

sing, save, spare,等。

 

 

  翻译练习

 1. Johnson 先生去年教我们德语。
 2. 奶奶昨晚给我们讲了一个有趣的故事。
 3.
Mary把钱包交给校长了。
 4. 请把那本字典递给我好吗?
 5. 他把车票给列车员看。
 6. 这个学期我已经给父母写过三封信了。
 7. 我父亲已经给我买了一辆新自行车。
 8.
Robinson Crusoe 给自己做了一只小船。
 9. 请你给我弄一本新的,好吗?
10.
我替你叫辆出租汽车好吗?
11. 新式机器将会为你节省许多劳动。

 

    参考答案:

  1. Mr Johnson taught us German last year.

  2. Grandma told me an interesting story last night.

  3. Mary handed the wallet to the schoolmaster.

  4. Would you please pass me the dictionary?

  5. He showed the ticket to the conductor.

  6. This term I have written three letters to my parents.

  7. My father has bought me a new bike.

  8. Robinson Crusoe made himself a boat.

  9. Will you please get me a new copy?

  10. Shall I call you a taxi?

  11. The new machine will save you a lot of labour.

 

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