基本句型 汉译英练习    There be 句型     FancyEnglish

 

   说明:

此句型是由 there + be + 主语 + 状语 构成,用以表达存在有,一种无主语的有。 它其实是倒装的一种情况,主语位于谓语动词 be 之后,there 仅为引导词,并无实际语义。Be 与其后的主语在人称和数量上一致,有时态和情态变化。如,

    现在有   there is/are …
    过去有   there was/were…
    将来有   there will be…/there is /are going to be...

现在已经有   there has/have been…
    可能有  there might be...
    肯定有  there must be …/there must have been...
过去一直有  there used to be …
    似乎有  there seems/seem/seemed to be …
    碰巧有  there happen/happens/happened to be …
 

此句型有时不用be动词,而用 live, stand, come, go, lie, remain,
exist, arrive,等。

 

   翻译练习:

  1. 今晚没有会。

  2. 这个村子过去只有一口井。

  3. 这个学校有一名音乐老师和一名美术老师。

  4. 客人当中有两名美国人和两名法国人。

  5. 天气预报说下午有大风。

  6. 灯亮着,办公室里肯定有人。

  7. 战前这儿一直有家电影院的。

  8. 恰好那时房里没人。

  9. 从前,在海边的一个村子里住着一位老渔夫。

  10. 公共汽车来了。

  11. 就只剩下二十八美元了。

  12. 在这个山洞前面长着一棵高大的松树。

  13. 铃响了。

  14. 二月份有二十八天。

 

 

   参考答案:

  1. There isn’t going to be a meeting tonight.

  2. There was only a well in the village.

  3. There is (are) a teacher of music and a teacher of art in the school.

  4. Among the guests there were two Americans and two Frenchmen.

  5. The weatherman says there’ll be a strong wind in the afternoon.

  6. The light is on. There must be someone ion the office.

  7. There used to be a cinema here before the war.

  8. There happened to be nobody in the room.

  9. Once, there lived an old fisherman in a village by the sea.

  10. There comes the bus.

  11. There remained just twenty-eight dollars.

  12. In front of the cave, there stands(grows) a tall pine tree.

  13. There goes the bell.

  14. There are twenty-eight days in February.

 

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